Leonor Lahn

Do you want to know who you are? Don't ask. Act! Action will delineate and define you.

Hammer ToeOverview


There are two types of hammertoe, Flexible hammertoes. If the toe still can be moved at the joint, it's a flexible hammertoe. That's good, because this is an earlier, milder form of the problem. There may be several treatment options. Rigid hammertoes. If the tendons in the toe become rigid, they press the joint out of alignment. At this stage, the toe can't be moved. It usually means that surgery is needed.


Causes


The muscles of each toe work in pairs. When the toe muscles get out of balance, a hammer toe can form. Muscle imbalance puts a lot of pressure on the toe's tendons and joints. This pressure forces the toe into a hammerhead shape. How do the toe muscles get out of balance? There are three main reasons. Your genes, you may have inherited a tendency to develop hammer toes because your foot is slightly unstable - such as a flat foot. But high-arched feet can also get hammer toes. Arthritis. Injury to the toe: ill-fitting shoes are the main culprits of this cause. If shoes are too tight, too short, or too pointy, they push the toes out of balance. Pointy, high-heeled shoes put particularly severe pressure on the toes.


HammertoeSymptoms


Hammer toes can cause problems with walking and lead to other foot problems, such as blisters, calluses, and sores. Pain is caused by constant friction over the top of the toe?s main joint. It may be difficult to fit into some shoe gear due to the extra space required for the deformed toe. In many cases there will be pain on the ball of the foot over the metatarsals hammertoes along with callus formation. This is due to the toes not functioning properly, failing to properly touch the ground during the gait cycle. The ball of the foot then takes the brunt of the ground forces, which causes chronic pain.


Diagnosis


Your healthcare provider will examine your foot, checking for redness, swelling, corns, and calluses. Your provider will also measure the flexibility of your toes and test how much feeling you have in your toes. You may have blood tests to check for arthritis, diabetes, and infection.


Non Surgical Treatment


You should seek medical advice if you have a hammer toe. Here are some things you can do in the meantime. None of these things will cure the hammer toe, but they may relieve the pain and discomfort. Only wear shoes that are high and broad across the toes. There should be at least 1.5 cm of space between your longest toe and the tip of the shoe. Keep in mind that this could be either your big toe or your second toe. Don't wear heels higher than 5 cm. Wear the appropriate shoe for the activity you are doing. You can buy non-medicated hammer toe pads. They fit around the pointy top of the toe joint and help relieve painful pressure. Gently massaging the toe may help relieve pain. Put ice packs wrapped in cloth on the hammer toe to reduce painful swelling.


Surgical Treatment


The technique the surgeon applies during the surgery depends on how much flexibility the person's affected toes still retain. If some flexibility has still been preserved in their affected toes, the hammer toes might be corrected through making a small incision into the toe so the surgeon can manipulate the tendon that is forcing the person's toes into a curved position. If, however, the person's toes have become completely rigid, the surgeon might have to do more than re-aligning the person's tendons. Some pieces of bone may have to be removed so the person's toe has the ability to straighten out. If this is the case, some pins are attached onto the person's foot afterwards to fix their bones into place while the injured tissue heals.
Comments
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2016/03/04(金) 13:27:48 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2016/03/23(水) 05:17:35 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2016/06/28(火) 21:59:44 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/04/20(木) 00:01:23 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/05/03(水) 14:16:59 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/06/15(木) 17:19:41 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/06/25(日) 20:10:39 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/08/03(木) 19:08:08 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/08/09(水) 06:27:25 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/08/12(土) 13:55:05 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/08/14(月) 01:38:21 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/08/24(木) 09:52:23 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/08/29(火) 15:57:14 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/08/31(木) 22:37:15 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/09/02(土) 13:43:07 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/09/04(月) 23:51:03 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/09/06(水) 23:57:35 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/09/07(木) 01:35:34 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/09/07(木) 08:27:11 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/09/07(木) 19:46:22 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/09/09(土) 19:31:06 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/09/10(日) 04:10:43 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/09/11(月) 11:54:45 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/09/12(火) 19:18:10 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/09/12(火) 19:35:13 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/09/13(水) 20:20:17 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/09/13(水) 21:30:08 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/09/15(金) 02:13:48 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/09/15(金) 16:28:56 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/09/16(土) 01:17:27 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/09/16(土) 09:32:59 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/09/16(土) 10:35:45 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/09/16(土) 19:00:32 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/09/17(日) 01:41:25 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/09/17(日) 14:17:01 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/09/17(日) 20:59:55 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/09/19(火) 22:12:30 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/09/20(水) 05:47:04 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/09/22(金) 10:48:58 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/09/22(金) 18:49:08 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/09/27(水) 05:21:06 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/09/28(木) 19:02:08 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/09/30(土) 03:05:06 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/09/30(土) 03:34:27 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/09/30(土) 18:03:14 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/10/02(月) 04:11:29 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/10/02(月) 11:35:13 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/10/02(月) 16:28:55 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/10/03(火) 08:19:02 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/10/10(火) 15:03:53 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/10/10(火) 19:32:03 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/10/12(木) 04:32:23 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/10/14(土) 17:19:33 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/10/19(木) 20:17:49 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/10/23(月) 21:37:56 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/10/25(水) 17:30:37 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/10/31(火) 16:36:18 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/11/01(水) 05:04:32 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/11/04(土) 11:26:09 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/11/06(月) 23:05:56 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/11/07(火) 07:20:45 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/11/08(水) 16:28:56 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/11/08(水) 22:57:37 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/11/10(金) 03:15:02 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/11/10(金) 06:51:45 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/11/11(土) 13:14:47 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/11/11(土) 23:46:50 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/11/12(日) 18:27:38 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/11/13(月) 04:00:30 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/11/14(火) 06:59:45 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/11/15(水) 12:53:46 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/11/16(木) 16:24:59 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/11/18(土) 08:05:48 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/11/21(火) 07:52:13 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/11/22(水) 02:30:55 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/11/25(土) 18:13:47 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/11/28(火) 14:55:53 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/11/29(水) 20:05:20 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/12/02(土) 02:26:59 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/12/03(日) 16:46:22 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/12/04(月) 03:33:47 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/12/05(火) 23:52:58 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/12/06(水) 23:33:20 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/12/21(木) 23:37:02 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2017/12/23(土) 23:29:37 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/01/12(金) 15:25:18 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/01/15(月) 05:00:01 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/01/16(火) 16:16:44 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/01/18(木) 00:53:16 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/01/19(金) 17:39:26 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/01/21(日) 07:18:38 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/01/22(月) 22:28:05 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/01/23(火) 21:17:06 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/01/31(水) 15:23:12 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/04(日) 03:52:43 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/04(日) 10:26:22 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/10(土) 00:00:07 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/13(火) 06:55:21 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/13(火) 18:06:16 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/13(火) 18:37:17 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/14(水) 14:32:42 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/14(水) 18:32:08 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/15(木) 01:11:16 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/15(木) 08:42:38 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/15(木) 09:03:51 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/15(木) 09:27:31 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/15(木) 09:45:34 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/15(木) 10:07:46 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/15(木) 11:10:36 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/16(金) 03:14:01 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/16(金) 05:39:23 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/16(金) 06:50:53 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/16(金) 13:04:40 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/16(金) 13:18:00 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/16(金) 15:31:53 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/16(金) 18:08:39 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/17(土) 11:18:36 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/17(土) 12:01:20 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/17(土) 12:17:25 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/17(土) 15:35:09 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/17(土) 16:12:28 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/17(土) 17:14:04 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/17(土) 17:37:41 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/17(土) 18:45:35 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/17(土) 18:52:26 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/17(土) 19:05:15 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/17(土) 19:33:23 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/17(土) 22:29:14 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/17(土) 22:51:42 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/18(日) 00:34:13 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/18(日) 01:07:56 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/18(日) 01:23:31 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/18(日) 02:52:10 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/18(日) 05:23:27 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/18(日) 06:00:51 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/18(日) 07:22:31 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/18(日) 08:23:05 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/18(日) 13:30:42 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/18(日) 18:08:33 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/18(日) 19:45:35 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/19(月) 03:31:23 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/19(月) 21:53:15 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/20(火) 00:35:49 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/20(火) 05:13:37 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/20(火) 08:03:31 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/21(水) 11:08:55 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/21(水) 13:24:43 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/21(水) 21:11:13 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/21(水) 21:21:13 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/22(木) 09:19:43 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/22(木) 16:26:12 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/24(土) 23:31:09 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/25(日) 05:48:42 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/25(日) 12:51:50 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/26(月) 17:35:48 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/27(火) 04:33:05 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/28(水) 04:42:09 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/28(水) 07:45:46 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/02/28(水) 18:20:03 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/03/01(木) 00:34:25 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/03/01(木) 01:24:49 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/03/01(木) 01:28:37 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/03/01(木) 09:01:30 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/03/01(木) 15:59:04 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/03/01(木) 17:53:52 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/03/02(金) 01:43:35 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/03/02(金) 05:22:11 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/03/02(金) 05:42:03 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/03/03(土) 00:29:34 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/03/05(月) 13:56:18 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/03/13(火) 04:30:25 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/05/02(水) 22:14:46 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/05/02(水) 22:45:05 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/05/05(土) 01:09:03 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/05/09(水) 02:45:17 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/05/10(木) 23:37:11 | | #[ Edit ]
Comment is pending approval.
Comment is pending blog author's approval.
2018/05/11(金) 00:18:29 | | #[ Edit ]
Post a comment
URL:
Body:
Edit password:
Private comment: Only the blog author may view the comment.
 
Trackbacks URL
http://leonorlahn.blog.fc2.com/tb.php/8-eb9b6cef
Use trackback on this entry.
Trackbacks